Public Transportation

Transit Benefit Calculator: How Did We Develop These Numbers?

  1. A federal surface transportation investment of $1 billion dollars results in 47,576 direct, indirect, and induced jobs for one year. This federal investment result assumes a state or local match equal to 25 percent of the federal investment. An investment of $1 billion in surface transportation from state or local funds or from federal funds excluding a state and local match would, therefore, result in 38,060 jobs. This job multiplier is for investments that would be representative of the types of uses for which federal funds are eligible and are the total number of jobs created throughout the U.S., not just those in the local community.

    Source: Based on Construction Employment Model, Version 1.1. U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration Office of Policy, 2001

  2. Source: Public Transportation and the Nation's Economy: A Quantitative Analysis of Public Transportation's Economic Impact. Washington, DC: Cambridge Systematic's, October 1999. Available at http://www.apta.com/resources/reportsandpublications/Documents/economic_impact_of_public_transportation_investment.pdf

  3. Source: Public Transportation and the Nation's Economy: A Quantitative Analysis of Public Transportation's Economic Impact. Washington, DC: Cambridge Systematic's, October 1999. Available at http://www.apta.com/resources/reportsandpublications/Documents/economic_impact_of_public_transportation_investment.pdf

  4. Source: Public Transportation and the Nation's Economy: A Quantitative Analysis of Public Transportation's Economic Impact. Washington, DC: Cambridge Systematic's, October 1999. Available at http://www.apta.com/resources/reportsandpublications/Documents/economic_impact_of_public_transportation_investment.pdf

  5. Source: Public Transportation and the Nation's Economy: A Quantitative Analysis of Public Transportation's Economic Impact. Washington, DC: Cambridge Systematic's, October 1999. Available at http://www.apta.com/resources/reportsandpublications/Documents/economic_impact_of_public_transportation_investment.pdf

  6. The average number of Btu used by all transit modes using all types of fuel (gasoline, diesel fuel, electricity, and alternate fuels) per passenger mile in 1998 was 2,740.8 This equals a net energy value of 0.023750 gallons of automotive gasoline. The average Btu used by private vehicles that would replace all transit vehicles to carry all transit trips per passenger mile in 1998 was 5,254.8. This equals a net energy value of 0.045535. The difference between gallons of automotive gasoline equivalent fuel per passenger mile on transit of 0.023750 gallons minus gallons of fuel per passenger mile for replacement private vehicles of 0.045545 is 0.021785 gallons per passenger mile.

    Source: Shapiro, Robert J, Kevin A. Hassett, and Frank S. Arnold, Conserving Energy and Preserving the Environment: The Role of Public Transportation. July 2002. Available at http://www.apta.com/resources/reportsandpublications/Documents/shapiro.pdf
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